How to Treat a Burn in Children 🔥
We are rapidly advancing towards the easter holidays, and that means the kids will be at home all day every day! Yay! (or nay?!)
Kids are curious, small and have the type of skin that needs extra protection. Children’s skin burns more easily than adults.
Burns are a major cause of injury from newborn to 14 years, and those aged between 1 - 2 years are most at risk due to their sudden ability to mobilise and investigate!
You can set your hot water heater to 120℉ or 49℃, this will minimise the risk of burns when they accidently turn on the tap or jump in the bath before you’ve checked it.
Here is some interesting information about temperature from betterhealth.vic.gov.au…..
At 60 ºC, it takes one second for hot water to cause third-degree burns.
At 55 ºC, it takes 10 seconds for hot water to cause third-degree burns.
At 50 ºC, it takes five minutes for hot water to cause third-degree burns.
Something I also do is hide the plug, so that when they are in the shower, I can momentarily leave them without the worry of the bath filling up whilst I’m not looking.
Some common causes of scalds and burns are
hot drinks such as cups of tea and coffee
water from saucepans, kettles, jugs and thermoses
hot food solids and saucepans of hot liquid
running hot water from taps, showers and bath water
lighters and matches
fat and hot cooking oil
steam and vapour.
Below are the steps you would need to take if your child sustains a burn from fluid, a hot plate, stove or fire.
Treatment is the same for all burn injuries.
As soon as possible, hold the burn under cool running water for 20 minutes only.
This is useful for up to three hours after the burn
Remove clothing or jewellery that is not stuck to the burn
Keep your child as warm as possible and just target the burn with the cool water.
You should seek medical help immediately if:
• the burn is deep, even if your child does not feel any pain
• the burn is larger than 3 cm or has blisters
• the burn is on the face, hands or genitals
• the burn is to the throat or airway
• you are concerned or unsure about the injury.
Cover the burn with a loose, non-stick dressing. This can be a sterile non-stick dressing or plastic cling film until your child is seen by a doctor. (However, do not keep plastic cling film on for more than an hour)
Do Not Use Ice! This can dangerously drop the child’s temperatere and make the burn worse.
Never apply lotions or creams, this can keep the heat in the burn
Call an ambulance immediately if your child has a severe burn injury.